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Caudex succulents

Succulents with caudices (caudices is the plural of caudex) might have swollen roots or stems.

testudinaria

This is called Dioscorea elephantipes. It used to be called Testudinaria elephantipes because the caudex looks like the shell of the the Testudo tortoise. Do you think it looks a little like an elephant's foot as well?

Caudiciform succulents come in many strange shapes and some of them can grow quite large.

caudex example 1 caudex example 2 caudex example 3

They have normal leaves and shoots during their growing period, but these will disappear when they are resting. There are other plants which do this as well. What are they?

caudex example 4